Post-Surgery Massage Part 2: Breast Augmentation

by Jun 27, 2022

Whether for medical purposes or strictly for enhancing one’s appearance, breast augmentation is the most popular type of cosmetic plastic surgery in the US.  Regardless of why the procedure is performed, all types of breast augmentation surgery are followed by uncomfortable symptoms that can be effectively treated with massage.

What are some of the aftereffects associated with the different types of breast augmentation?  Which therapeutic massage modality is best suited for post-surgery patients, and why?

 

Symptoms Following Breast Augmentation

Normal side effects following breast augmentation surgery include:

  • Soreness on and around the chest muscles
  • Swelling on or near incision sites
  • Pulling or stretching sensation on the skin surrounding the breast area
  • Bruising

 

Types of Breast Augmentation

 

Medical

  • Mastectomy
    Removal of the entire breast, most often used among cancer patients
    In the case of a radical mastectomy, the axillary lymph nodes and underlying chest muscles (pectoralis major and pectoralis minor) are also removed
    A modified radical mastectomy leaves the chest muscles in place, but removes the axillary lymph nodes along with the breast
  • Lumpectomy
    Removal of a tumor or other types of abnormality from the breast, sometimes referred to as a partial mastectomy or breast preservation
  • Breast Reduction
    Removal of excess fat, glandular tissue, and skin from the breast
    Commonly utilized to alleviate back pain
  • Reconstruction
    Restoration of breast(s) to previous appearance, shape, symmetry, and size following mastectomy or lumpectomy

 

Cosmetic

  • Breast Implants
    A silicone transplant may be inserted, or a fat from another part of the body may be grafted and then transferred to the breast
  • Breast Implant Removal
    Breast implant removal, also known as explant surgery, may or may not be followed by breast implant replacement or revision
    Breast implants should be replaced every 10-15 years
  • Breast Lift
    Known as a mastopexy, it raises the breasts by removing excess skin and tightening the surrounding tissue

 

Best Massage Following Breast Augmentation

The best massage modality following breast augmentation is lymphatic drainage massage.

Lymphatic drainage massage is a specialized technique involving slow methodical glides which guide lymphatic fluid towards the lymph nodes.  Lymph, a clear-white fluid that attacks waste material in the body, transports the illness-causing debris to the lymph nodes for neutralization.  The lymphatic system plays a crucial role in immunity and the recovery process.

The pain, edema, tight skin, and bruising following a breast augmentation are all results of direct trauma to the body.  The injuries caused by invasive surgery disrupt the lymph’s drainage process, leading to a bacteria buildup in the body.  Through lymphatic drainage massage, the congested lymph flow is manually assisted through the application of carefully directed gentle strokes.  The regained lymphatic functioning will then push the post-surgery side effects towards a faster recovery.

 

How is Lymphatic Drainage Performed Following Breast Augmentation?

At the start of the session, the massage therapist will stimulate the most lymph node-rich areas of the body closest to the chest area.  This will involve about five circular strokes inside in armpits and on top of the decollete area.

person receiving lymphatic drainage massage on their decollete area

After the lymph nodes have been awakened, the massage therapist will elevate the patient’s arm over the head.  This positioning will encourage gravity to do its work, letting the congested lymph fluid descend towards the axillary lymph nodes.  Slow gentle strokes will be applied to the arm, gliding in the direction of the armpit.

Following the treatment of symptoms on and near the upper arm, the upper chest will be addressed.  The massage therapist will apply light pressure to the lymph nodes in the neck, and slowly guide the glides towards the lymph nodes in the chest.

If the patient is comfortable having the area below the chest palpated, the skin on top of the ribs and abdomen may also be massaged.  The glides situated below the underside of the breast (or previous location of a removed breast) will be carefully pushed towards the armpits.  Should there be any swelling or scarring on the abdomen, strokes on the upper abdominal quadrants are also carried towards the axillary lymph nodes in the armpits.  If lymphatic drainage massage is applied to the lower abdominal quadrants, the strokes are guided towards the lymph nodes in the groin.

 

Now You Know!

In the upcoming article Post-Surgery Massage Part 3, we’ll address another popular type of cosmetic surgery.

Katrina Jenkins

Katrina Jenkins

Author, Licensed Massage Therapist

Katrina Jenkins graduated from Towson University in 2013 with a Bachelor’s Degree in Health Science and worked as a nurse’s aide briefly before pursuing her true passion. She graduated from the Massage Therapy Institute of Colorado in April 2016 with honors and completed the Touch of Healers Scholarship Program the following summer. She has been a part of the Moyer Total Wellness Team since the summer of 2017.

Resources

Fardo, Dean, et al. “Breast Augmentation.” PubMed, StatPearls Publishing, 2021, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK482206/.

Gentile, Danielle, et al. “Pain Improvement after Healing Touch and Massage in Breast Cancer: An Observational Retrospective Study.” International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork, vol. 14, no. 1, 2021, pp. 12–20, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7892332/. Accessed 6 June 2022.

Monday, March 11. “New Plastic Surgery Statistics Reveal Trends toward Body Enhancement.” American Society of Plastic Surgeons, 11 Mar. 2019, www.plasticsurgery.org/news/press-releases/new-plastic-surgery-statistics-reveal-trends-toward-body-enhancement#:~:text=Breast%20augmentation%20(313%2C735%20procedures%2C%20up. Accessed 6 June 2022.

Sood, Aditya, et al. “Breast Massage, Implant Displacement, and Prevention of Capsular Contracture after Breast Augmentation with Implants: A Review of the Literature.” Eplasty, vol. 17, 21 Dec. 2017, p. e41, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5749369/.

Photo Credit

Canva by Monkey Business Images

Canva by kazuma seki

Canva by leezsnow

Canva by leezsnow

Read More From Our Blog

Crossed Syndromes Part 1: Upper Cross

The human body is an amazing system. An ever-adapting machine, it can rearrange its structures to...

Trigger Finger: What Is It and How Do We Treat It?

Stenosing tenosynovitis, also known as trigger finger, is a very common condition characterized by...

What is Spondylosis?

Your spine is your body’s central support structure, and a healthy spine is crucial to one’s...

Treating Gout with Massage

Gout is a common type of arthritis that causes tenderness, severe pain, redness, and swelling in...

Is It a Frozen Shoulder?

Have you ever woken up with a stiff or sore shoulder?  It’s likely just due to overuse, strain, or...